Sponsored Link
How to Use the Visualizing and Verbalizing Strategy to Improve Reading Comprehension

How to Use the Visualizing and Verbalizing Strategy to Improve Reading Comprehension

Share Button

Visualizing and Verbalizing (V/V) is a research-based reading strategy for parents and educators to utilize with children (or adults) who have trouble with reading comprehension. Visualizing and Verbalizing was created by Nanci Bell, an expert in the treatment of language and literacy disorders.

Many readers can read words and have a developed vocabulary, but still struggle to comprehend sentences or paragraphs. Visualizing and Verbalizing teaches students who struggle with reading comprehension and language processing to build pictures in their minds as they listen to or read text, with the ultimate goal of being able to visualize the main idea or get the whole picture. This is called concept imagery. As Albert Einstein said, “If I can’t picture it, I can’t understand it.”

visualizing and verbalizing

Here are some signs that your child or student has difficulty processing language and would likely benefit from learning about concept imagery:

  • No response to verbal explanations
  • Trouble understanding jokes
  • Repeatedly asks questions that have already been answered
  • Misses the main ideas from TV shows or has trouble guessing what might happen, only retaining a few details
  • Difficulty understanding cause and effect
  • Trouble paying attention during lectures or conversations
  • Trouble remembering or following verbal directions
  • Trouble making sense when talking
  • Does not express self often, seems quiet much of the time
  • Can read words fluently but has trouble comprehending what he/she reads

When reading, the information seems abstract to readers who have trouble processing language. Abstract information can be very difficult to understand so the text goes in one ear and out the other, so to speak. When creating mental images of the text, the reader draws from his own experiences and knowledge (text-to-self connections) and the meaning becomes meaningful and concrete. This makes it easier to process the information, recall it later, and put the information into one’s own words. Additionally, when asked inferential questions about the text (e.g., what do you think will happen next), the reader can refer to his mental image, which will help facilitate his ability to answer these types of questions.

So How Does the Visualizing and Verbalizing Strategy Work?
In Visualizing and Verbalizing, readers are first taught to describe real pictures presented in front of them. Once they have mastered the ability to describe real pictures, readers practice describing objects they have seen in their own life, that are not directly in front of them (e.g., their house, a pet, a piece of jewelry, etc.). The teacher asks the students several probing questions to help them describe familiar or personal objects in vivid detail.

After students can accurately describe familiar or personal objects, they are taught to create mental images of simple sentences, paragraphs, and eventually the whole text. The teacher/parent guides the reader to process language visually, and express their images verbally, by asking probing questions about what they imagine from the text. Research suggests that both sides of the brain need to be stimulated and engaged in order to make sense of reading, and that is exactly what this process does.

This article highlights the foundations of the Visualizing and Verbalizing Strategy. You can find more specific instructions on teaching this technique in the Visualizing and Verbalizing manual by Nanci Bell (see an image below). While the manual is somewhat pricey, you can find an older/used version of the manual for a more affordable rate; however, there may be some minor differences. Both versions have excellent ratings by readers.
Visualizing and Verbalizing Manual
The Visualizing and Verbalizing manual provides the theory and specific steps to develop concept imagery, the ability to create images from language. It describes the important questioning techniques to help students visualize language and verbalize what they have imagined. This imagery-language connection is essential for oral and written language comprehension, as well as critical thinking.

Keep in mind that every child is different. Some respond to several strategies, others respond to a few, while others may not respond to any of the strategies you try. If your child is significantly struggling with reading comprehension or acquiring other academic skills, despite consistent practice and guidance, talk to your child’s school and/or doctor. They should be able to refer you to the appropriate professionals to determine what might be interfering with your child’s progress and what additional strategies might help.

Remember to always stay calm when working with a child or student, even if you think they should be getting something that they are not getting. If you get frustrated with them, they may start to feel anxious, angry, inferior, stupid, etc. which will lead to a less productive learning session. Keep practice sessions short (5 to 10 minutes for younger children or children who get easily frustrated and 10 to 15 minutes for older children or children who can work for longer periods without frustration), unless the child is eager to keep going.

Visualizing and Verbalizing Video Clip

Related Articles:
How to Use Graphic Organizers to Improve Reading Comprehension, Writing, Listening, Note-Taking, and Study Skills
3 Helpful Reading Comprehension Strategies: Chunking Monitoring, and Listening

Thank you for visiting educationandbehavior.com. We provide free academic, behavioral, and social-emotional support for all children. Browse our topics from the navigation bar above. Receive our updates on Facebook!

       Share:  

Educationandbehavior.com is a free resource for parents, caregivers, educators, and counselors. We provide academic, behavioral, and social-emotional support for children. Our mission is to provide accurate information and effective research-based strategies, with an ultimate goal of making a positive difference for children. Find out how you can contribute to educationandbehavior.com!

Submit a Guest Post We value guest writers at educationandbehavior.com and would love to hear from you! Our site provides free support for children in the areas of learning, behavior, and social-emotional development. If you are interested in submitting a guest post, topics of interest include autism, learning disabilities, academic strategies, bullying, ADHD, IEP's, occupational therapy, speech-language development, social skills, empathy, depression, anxiety, grief, divorce, fitness/nutrition for kids and other related topics. Articles can include strategies, information, or personal inspirational stories. All strategies/tips must be backed by research that can be linked to or cited, or backed by experience-based accounts/anecdotal reports that are described in your post. Submissions can be written in the form of an article, poem, or letter. If you wish, your guest post would include a short bio about yourself with a link to you or your blog (or business) in the "About the Author" section. Please contact our CEO, Rachel Wise, at [email protected] if you are interested in submitting a guest post. We also accept sponsored posts. Please contact our CEO for more details about our guidelines for a sponsored post.

Educational/Behavioral Products You May Like

To our readers: We have been receiving a lot of messages and emails asking for advice on how to handle particular problems. If you are looking for personal advice (for concerns about a child regarding academics, behavior, emotions, social skills, IEP, etc.) there are three ways to get your questions answered outside of what is offered through our free articles and resources on educationandbehavior.com.

1) We can turn your question into an anonymous post for our site (for free) which we would publish in our advice column and send to you personally (no names would be shared).

2) We offer paid consultation through Pay Pal. It is $5 for a question or $50 for an hour of consultation either by phone or Facebook messenger. You would chat with a certified school psychologist and licensed behavior specialist (our CEO). You can send requests to our contact page, Facebook Messenger, or email our CEO at [email protected].

3) You can post in our Facebook group to get feedback/advice from other parents and professionals, including our CEO. If you post in the group we may ask to turn your question into an anonymous post for our advice column. Here is a link to the group https://www.facebook.com/groups/798148863618619/?ref=br_rs.

One Response to How to Use the Visualizing and Verbalizing Strategy to Improve Reading Comprehension

  1. […] Reading Comprehension Strategies: Visualizing and Verbalizing […]

Leave a reply