Experts at Michigan State University have demonstrated that kids with ADHD have better focus and are less distracted after a 20 minute exercise session. Matthew Pontifex, assistant professor of kinesiology at Michigan State University, and lead researcher for the study said:
“This provides some very early evidence that exercise might be a tool in our nonpharmaceutical treatment of ADHD. Maybe our first course of action that we would recommend to developmental psychologists would be to increase children’s physical activity.”
Here is a brief summary of the study as reported in msutoday.msu.edu in October 2012.
“Pontifex and colleagues asked 40 children aged 8 to 10, half of whom had a diagnosis of ADHD, to spend 20 minutes either walking briskly on a treadmill or reading while seated. The children then took a brief reading comprehension and math exam similar to longer standardized tests. They also played a simple computer game in which they had to ignore visual stimuli to quickly determine which direction a cartoon fish was swimming.
The results showed all of the children performed better on both tests after exercising. In the computer game, those with ADHD also were better able to slow down after making an error to avoid repeat mistakes – a particular challenge for those with the ADHD.
Pontifex said the findings support calls for more physical activity during the school day.”
Additionally, according to an article from the Autism Research Institute, written by Stephen M. Edelson, Ph.D.,
“Studies show that vigorous exercise is associated with decreases in stereotypic (self-stimulatory) behaviors, hyperactivity, aggression, self-injury, and destructiveness in individuals with autism. Vigorous exercise means a 20-minute or longer aerobic workout, 3 to 4 days a week; mild exercise has little effect on behavior.”
Related Article: 15 Behavior Strategies for Children with Autism
If you would like to read more about the research check out:
– The effects of aerobic exercise on academic engagement in young children with autism spectrum disorder
– Vigorous, aerobic exercise versus general motor training activities: effects on maladaptive and stereotypic behaviors of adults with both autism and mental retardation (now referred to as Intellectual Disability)
– Effects of a leisure programme on quality of life and stress of individuals with ASD
We also know that exercise leads to improved self-esteem, health, and has been shown to help decrease anxiety and depression. So teaching good exercise habits early can lead to a lifetime of benefits for all children, not just those with ADHD and Autism Spectrum Disorders.
While some children enjoy and have the opportunity to participate in organized sports, many do not. Additionally, there is not always an opportunity to play organized sports several times a week.
This article gives several exercise ideas to really get your kids/students moving at home, in the community, and at school. Participate in these activities with your kids if you are able, to set a good example, create bonding time, and make memories.
Ideas for In School/At Home:
Try some of these exercises as a break from the normal class routine or while your child is at home, maybe before a homework session. Depending on your child’s age and physical capabilities you will have to decide how long the activities should last. Start with 5 to 20 minute sessions. You can pick one activity or do a few different ones for a few minutes each. If you are only doing a short session, such as five minutes, try to do a few a day.
Stretch to Warm Up
Do Jumping Jacks
Run in Place
Dance to Music
Play “Aerobic Simon Says” (e.g., Simon says do 10 jumping jacks, Simon says touch your toes 10 times in a row, Simon says jump up and down 20 times, etc.)
Do a Dance or Exercise Video
In the Community: (Try Some of These Activities to Get Your Child Moving Outside)
Stretch to Warm Up
Jog or Run
Play Tag (If your child does not have a friend to play with, play with your child)
Ride a Bike
Kick a Soccer Ball Around
You can even try incorporating exercise into learning. This is a great way to keep active kids motivated. For example, if you are studying with your child for a vocabulary test, tape the words to the wall. When you call out a definition, have your child run to the word and run back to you to hear the next definition. I challenge you to think of a way to incorporate movement into your own learning activity.
Keep in Mind: Since exercise leads to improved learning, focus, behavior, (mental and physical) health, and self-esteem; don’t take recess away as a punishment. For some kids, recess is the only exercise they get.
Please Don’t Take Away My Recess-A Poem About ADHD
15 Behavior Strategies for Children on the Autism Spectrum
14 Strategies to Help Kids with ADHD in the Classroom or At Home
6 Research-Based Interventions for the Treatment of ADHD in Children
Please comment below with any exercises or movement ideas you have! I would love to hear from you!
Exercise is one way to help children improve learning and behavior, but there are many effective strategies that can be used along with exercise.
Thank you for visiting educationandbehavior.com. We are a free resource for parents, caregivers, educators, and counselors. We provide academic, behavior, and social-emotional support for all children. Browse our topics from the navigation bar above. Follow us on Facebook. Contact us with questions.
Please share this information with others!
Suggested for You
Educationandbehavior.com is a free resource for parents, caregivers, educators, and counselors. We provide academic, behavioral, and social-emotional support for children. Our mission is to provide accurate information and effective research-based strategies, with an ultimate goal of making a positive difference for children. Find out how you can contribute to educationandbehavior.com! Submit a Guest Post We value guest writers at educationandbehavior.com and would love to hear from you! Our site provides free support for children in the areas of learning, behavior, and social-emotional development. If you are interested in submitting a guest post, topics of interest include autism, learning disabilities, academic strategies, bullying, ADHD, IEP's, occupational therapy, speech-language development, social skills, empathy, depression, anxiety, grief, divorce, fitness/nutrition for kids and other related topics. Articles can include strategies, information, or personal inspirational stories. All strategies/tips must be backed by research that can be linked to or cited, or backed by experience-based accounts/anecdotal reports that are described in your post. Submissions can be written in the form of an article, poem, or letter. If you wish, your guest post would include a short bio about yourself with a link to you or your blog (or business) in the "About the Author" section. Please contact our CEO, Rachel Wise, at [email protected] if you are interested in submitting a guest post. We also accept sponsored posts. Please contact our CEO for more details about our guidelines for a sponsored post.